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Sunday, May 9, 2010

Tanzanite : as a mineral

Tanzanite rough stone and cut stoneFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tanzanite is the blue/purple variety of the mineral zoisite which was discovered in the Meralani (Merelani) Hills of Northern Tanzania in 1967, near the city of Arusha. It is used as a gemstone. Tanzanite is noted for its remarkably strong trichroism, appearing alternately sapphire blue, violet, and burgundy depending on crystal orientation.

Tanzanite in its rough state is usually a reddish brown color. It requires artificial heat treatment to 600 °C in a gemological oven to bring out the blue violet of the stone.Tanzanite is a rare gem. It is found mostly in the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro. The mineral is named after Tanzania, the country where it was discovered.

World's largest tanzanite

One of the most famous large tanzanite "Queen of Kilimanjaro",on 18 karat white gold

The world's largest faceted tanzanite is 737.81 carats.One of the most famous large tanzanites (242 carats) is the "Queen of Kilimanjaro". It is set in a tiara and accented with 803 brilliant cut tsavorite garnets and 913 brilliant cut diamonds. Because tanzanite is relatively soft, it is not usually set in necklaces and earrings, so the tiara is truly a rarity.The tiara is currently on display in the Gallery of Gold and Gems at the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The exhibition is from the private collection of Michael Scott, the first CEO of Apple Computers.

Factors affecting value: grading

There is no universally accepted method of grading colored gemstones. TanzaniteOne, a A rough sample of tanzanitemajor commercial player in the tanzanite market, through its no-profit subsidiary, The Tanzanite Foundation, has introduced its own color grading system. The new system's color-grading scales divide tanzanite colors into a range of hues, between blue violet and violet blue.

The normal primary and secondary hues in tanzanite are blue and purple not violet. Purple is a modified spectral hue that lies halfway between red and blue. Tanzanite is a trichroic gemstone, meaning that light that enters the stone is divided into three sections each containing a portion of the visible spectrum. After heating, tanzanite becomes dichroic. The dichroic colors are red and blue. The hue range of tanzanite is blue-purple to purple-blue.

Clarity grading in colored gemstones is based on the eye-clean standard, that is, a gem is considered flawless if no inclusions are visible with the unaided eye (assuming 20x20 vision).The Gemological Institute of America classifies tanzanite as a Type I gemstone, meaning it is normally eye-flawless. Gems with eye-visible inclusions will be traded at deep discounts.
source : wikipedia


Color Brochure Printing said...

When I see these, it reminds of the Kryptonite I saw on the SuperMan Movie, They are really gorgeous and it is really nice to look at.

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